Medical Database – Useful Herbs & Plants

In general use, herbs are any plants used for food, flavoring, medicine, or perfume. Culinary use typically distinguishes herbs as referring to the leafy green parts of a plant (either fresh or dried), from a “spice”, a product from another part of the plant (usually dried), including seeds, berries, bark, roots and fruits.

In botanical English the word “herb” is also used as a synonym of “herbaceous plant”.

Herbs have a variety of uses including culinary, medicinal, and in some cases spiritual usage. General usage of the term “herb” differs between culinary herbs and medicinal herbs. In medicinal or spiritual use any of the parts of the plant might be considered “herbs”, including leaves, roots, flowers, seeds, resin, root bark, inner bark (and cambium), berries and sometimes the pericarp or other portions of the plant.

Medicinal herbs

Already at the earliest stages of human development the plants were not only a source of nutrition, they helped the man to get rid of diseases. The oldest[citation 55 days] surviving medical treatises is a sign found during the excavations of the Sumerian city (III Millennium BC). 145 rows in the Sumerian language are given recipes 15 recipes. It shows that the doctors of ancient Sumer, used plants such as mustard, fir, pine, thyme, willow, fruit plums, pears, figs, etc.Literary sources attest to the use of medicinal plants is also in Assyria, Egypt, India, China in about 3000 BC and early ad in Iran, Greece and Rome; the middle ages — in the Arab countries, Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, European countries.

Culture and knowledge of the ancient Sumerians, Babylonians inherited, which was used for medicinal purposes licorice root, Datura, henbane, linseed, etc. The Babylonians noticed that sunlight can have negative effects on the healing properties of some plants, so dried them in the shade and some grass collected at night. Widely used plants in China, India, Tibet. In 3216 BC the Chinese Emperor Shannon wrote a work on medicine “Bang-Cao” (“Herbalist”), much of which is devoted to the description of the herbal remedies. Traditional Chinese medicine has used more than 1,500 plants, most often it was used Astragalus, ginseng, ginger, dogwood, cinnamon, lemongrass Chinese, onions, tangerine peel, primrose, licorice, asparagus, garlic, skullcap.


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