Medical Database – Useful Herbs & Plants
In general use, herbs are any plants used for food, flavoring, medicine, or perfume. Culinary use typically distinguishes herbs as referring to the leafy green parts of a plant (either fresh or dried), from a “spice”, a product from another part of the plant (usually dried), including seeds, berries, bark, roots and fruits.
In botanical English the word “herb” is also used as a synonym of “herbaceous plant”.
Herbs have a variety of uses including culinary, medicinal, and in some cases spiritual usage. General usage of the term “herb” differs between culinary herbs and medicinal herbs. In medicinal or spiritual use any of the parts of the plant might be considered “herbs”, including leaves, roots, flowers, seeds, resin, root bark, inner bark (and cambium), berries and sometimes the pericarp or other portions of the plant.
Culture and knowledge of the ancient Sumerians, Babylonians inherited, which was used for medicinal purposes licorice root, Datura, henbane, linseed, etc. The Babylonians noticed that sunlight can have negative effects on the healing properties of some plants, so dried them in the shade and some grass collected at night. Widely used plants in China, India, Tibet. In 3216 BC the Chinese Emperor Shannon wrote a work on medicine “Bang-Cao” (“Herbalist”), much of which is devoted to the description of the herbal remedies. Traditional Chinese medicine has used more than 1,500 plants, most often it was used Astragalus, ginseng, ginger, dogwood, cinnamon, lemongrass Chinese, onions, tangerine peel, primrose, licorice, asparagus, garlic, skullcap.